This website should not be considered, or used as a substitute for, medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. This site does not constitute the practice of any medical, nursing or other professional health care advice, diagnosis or treatment. The information on this website represent the views solely of Dr. Vaughan.
Cookies are used to quantify website use for resource planning. Complete IP addresses are not collected (i.e., 203.0.113.123 will be recorded as 203.0.113.??) Feel free to opt out of cookies using add-ins of your choice without affecting website function. No user information is collected by the risk calculator (IC-RISC).